Submission Title

Reproductive Policies and Female Labor Force Participation

Subject Area

Economics

Description

In this study, a time-series analysis has been conducted over the years 1960-2017 to examine the effects of the Pregnancy Discrimination Act and Roe v. Wade on the U.S. female labor force participation rate. Explanatory variables include real median annual female earnings, educational attainment of women, and the nation’s unemployment rate. The effects of the Discrimination Act and Roe v. Wade are captured using dummy time variables. Controlling for the fundamental economic drivers of the female labor force participation rate, the results suggest that the implementation of the anti-discrimination act positively impacted the behavior of working women in the United States.

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Reproductive Policies and Female Labor Force Participation

In this study, a time-series analysis has been conducted over the years 1960-2017 to examine the effects of the Pregnancy Discrimination Act and Roe v. Wade on the U.S. female labor force participation rate. Explanatory variables include real median annual female earnings, educational attainment of women, and the nation’s unemployment rate. The effects of the Discrimination Act and Roe v. Wade are captured using dummy time variables. Controlling for the fundamental economic drivers of the female labor force participation rate, the results suggest that the implementation of the anti-discrimination act positively impacted the behavior of working women in the United States.