Biblical Studies | Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies | Gender and Sexuality | Religion
The Hebrew Bible lacks a term for androgyny or hermaphroditism. The term tumtumim, which identifies persons of indeterminate or “hidden” sex, appears later in rabbinic texts. Nevertheless, sexual fluidity, ambiguity, intersexed persons, and persons with a combination of masculine and feminine characteristics appear in the Genesis creation stories and prophetic texts. While gender transgression is relevant to the general discussion, this entry from The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Gender Studies: Oxford Biblical Studies Online focuses primarily on ancient understandings, namely those presented in the Hebrew Bible, of those of “both sexes.”
This material was originally published in The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Gender Studies, part of Oxford Biblical Studies Online, edited by Julia M. O'Brien, and has been reproduced by permission of Oxford University Press. For permission to reuse this material, please visit http://global.oup.com/academic/rights.
Jennifer J. Williams
Androgyny/hermaphroditism: Hebrew Bible.
In The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Gender Studies: Oxford Biblical Studies Online, edited by Julia M. O'Brien
2016, Oxford University Press
Williams, Jennifer J., "Androgyny/Hermaphroditism: Hebrew Bible" (2016). Faculty Publications. Published Version. Submission 4.