Submission Title

Enos vs. Sowle
: A Case of Sex, Politics and Morality

Location

Jereld R. Nicholson Library: Grand Avenue

Subject Area

History

Description

In the year 1860, Captain Sowle was accused of sodomy against two of his cabin boys, Manuel Enos and Manuel Viera. In Honolulu, Hawaii, he was tried and convicted by the Admiralty court of the Kingdom of Hawaii by Chief Justices Elisha Allen and George Robertson. This is a rare and unique case because not only was an American captain publicly accused of sodomy, but he was also actually tried and convicted by a foreign court. Revelatory in more than one way, this case brings to light the political tensions between the U.S. consulate and the Kingdom of Hawaii as well as Hawaii’s concerns of its future. It also explores legal issues involved in nineteenth century U.S.–Hawaii relations, same-sex relationships on the high seas, and issues related to that of race and morality.

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Enos vs. Sowle
: A Case of Sex, Politics and Morality

Jereld R. Nicholson Library: Grand Avenue

In the year 1860, Captain Sowle was accused of sodomy against two of his cabin boys, Manuel Enos and Manuel Viera. In Honolulu, Hawaii, he was tried and convicted by the Admiralty court of the Kingdom of Hawaii by Chief Justices Elisha Allen and George Robertson. This is a rare and unique case because not only was an American captain publicly accused of sodomy, but he was also actually tried and convicted by a foreign court. Revelatory in more than one way, this case brings to light the political tensions between the U.S. consulate and the Kingdom of Hawaii as well as Hawaii’s concerns of its future. It also explores legal issues involved in nineteenth century U.S.–Hawaii relations, same-sex relationships on the high seas, and issues related to that of race and morality.